Tuesday, May 26, 2020
Essay Writing TipsEssay writing is one of the ways in which you can promote your career, if you wish to. When you are an adult, this is when you can really take advantage of the power of research and write a terrific essay that will help you land your dream job. In this article, we'll examine some of the most important tips for essay writing.Avoid plagiarism. If you want to get a good grade on your test, then you should make sure that your essay contains all the relevant and correct details from the material that you used to write it. In most cases, one copy of a material will do, but if you want to impress upon the teacher that you have done extensive research, then you may need to make a few copies. You must also avoid including any basic facts that you don't have the time or the inclination to research.You can either give factual information or include information that the teacher wants you to include. In many cases, this will be the better option. Using factual information, howev er, can get your professor a little pissed, and you can then have to defend your essay in front of the class. Make sure that you keep the same level of detail throughout your essay.Use exact quotes. There are many grammar and usage issues that can arise when you use ellipses, periods, and quotation marks incorrectly. This can be annoying for teachers who are looking for certain phrases or even typos that are used by students in their writing. Sometimes you will be required to reproduce your ideas correctly, so be prepared to use one of the tools that are available to you in order to do so.Just because you are writing for a publication, doesn't mean that you can get away with any errors. It is important that you include your source material accurately so that the student who is grading your work will get the proper information. The more detail that you give, the better grades you will receive.There are many different strategies for essay writing. There are textbooks, guides, and even programs that will help you learn the right way to write. If you have a computer, there are even software programs that you can use. If you have a lot of time and energy, then you can use writing competitions.If you are not afraid to do the work that is necessary to get a high grade, then you can greatly benefit from writing articles for potential employers. If you follow these tips for essay writing, you will find that it is much easier to put your ideas down on paper for anyone to read.
Monday, May 18, 2020
I chose the article Ã¢â¬Å"TV as Birth ControlÃ¢â¬ by Fred Pearce. It addressed the issue of population growth and India s trend toward lower birth rates.When the decline in India s population growth was studied by Stanford human geographer Martin Lewis, discovered that the arrival of cable TV was the biggest cause of the decline in birth rate. His research corroborated a 2009 study by Robert Jensen and Emily Oster, development economists from the University of California, Los Angeles, and the University of Chicago, respectively..(Pearce). The central issue the high birth rate of poor women in developing nations and their impact on the overall population. In the article, Pearce suggests that TV programs depicting modern urban lifestyles could decrease the birth rate in developing areas. He notes Ã¢â¬Å"that, the rural women are exposed to images of successful women, who work outside of the home, run their own businesses, and control money, they achieved those things by ha ving fewer childrenÃ¢â¬ . Pearce revealed that in the 1970 s Mexico used Soap Operas to encourage the use of birth control. The show focused on a poor woman who wanted to make a better life for herself, she did so by using birth control Pearce statesÃ¢â¬ It was a morality tale, and nobody could mistake the message. The lessons were reinforced with an epilogue at the end of each episode, giving advice about family planning servicesÃ¢â¬ Similar projects were launched in Jamaica and in Kenya, Africa. The birth rateShow MoreRelatedTelevision, Birth Control, By Fred Pearce898 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIn Fred Pearce article Ã¢â¬Å"TV as Birth Control,Ã¢â¬ he introduces his argument by asking a simple question; What are U.S family sizes compared with those of India?Ã¢â¬ This question gives the audience a background introduction to the main idea of the article, which is how TV helps reduce the fertility rate in underdeveloped and developing countries. He talks about one of th e difficulties India faces as having a lot of young women of childbearing age. Hence, PearceÃ¢â¬â¢s purpose behind this question is to stateRead MoreTelevision Is An American Staple Essay1042 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesTelevision is an American staple. According to Mitchell Stephens, Professor of Journalism and Mass Communication at New York University, Television as we know it, was first introduced in 1927.(Stevens) currently over 98% of American households have at least 1 television set and the average American watches around 3 to 4 hours of television daily. The thought that television can entertain and inform as well as influence is equally powerful and disturbing. As early as the 1920 s, Thomas EdisonRead MoreOne Significant Change That Has Occurred in the World Between 1900 and 2005. Explain the Impact This Change Has Made on Our Lives and Why It Is an Important Change.163893 Words Ã |Ã 656 Pagescombined. During the same time span, however, state tyranny and brutal oppress ion reached once unimaginable levelsÃ¢â¬âin large part due to the refinement or introduction of new technologies of repression and surveillance and modes of mass organization and control. Breakthroughs in the sciences that greatly enhanced our understandings of the natural world and made for major advances in medicine and health care were very often offset by the degradation of the global environment and massive spurts in excessiveRead MoreStrategic Human Resource Management View.Pdf Uploaded Successfully133347 Words Ã |Ã 534 Pagesa productive worker again. Such approaches include raising the height of desks in order to provide wheelchair access, providing curb ramps for wheelchairs, providing appropriate handrails, simple changes in rest room facilities, lowering elevator controls, and removing structural barriers such as revolving doors. Simple changes such as alterations in the job may also be made, such as allowing physically disabled workers to work shorter hours. Other inexpensive approaches include providing batterypoweredRead MoreOrganisational Theory230255 Words Ã |Ã 922 Pagesorganization theory: surfing the new wave? Introduction The origins of new-wave management Control in organizations Unpredictable behaviour Informal control: organizational misbehaviour? Complexity and the problem of implementation Three types of formal control Bureaucratic control Output control Cultural control The new wave in action: managing cultural change A theoretical explanation of a possible shift in control: A new historical configuration? An alternative theoretical explanation: movements inRead MoreDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words Ã |Ã 1617 Pages44 45 DEVELOPING SELF-AWARENESS SKILL ASSESSMENT 46 Diagnostic Surveys for Scale Self-Awareness 46 Self-Awareness Assessment 46 Emotional Intelligence Assessment 47 The Defining Issues Test 48 v Cognitive Style Indicator 52 Locus of Control Scale 52 Tolerance of Ambiguity Scale 54 Core Self-Evaluation Scale (CSES) 56 SKILL LEARNING 57 Key Dimensions of Self-Awareness 57 The Enigma of Self-Awareness 58 The Sensitive Line 58 Understanding and Appreciating Individual Differences ImportantRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words Ã |Ã 1573 Pages2 Mediation: Master Solution to Employment Disputes? 474 S A L 15 Foundations of Organization Structure 479 What Is Organizational Structure? 480 Work Specialization 480 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Departmentalization 482 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Chain of Command 483 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Span of Control 484 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Centralization and Decentralization 485 Ã¢â¬ ¢ Formalization 486 Common Organizational Designs 486 The Simple Structure 486 Ã¢â¬ ¢ The Bureaucracy 487 Ã¢â¬ ¢ The Matrix Structure 488 New Design Options 490 The Virtual Organization 490 Ã¢â¬ ¢ The Boundaryless Organization
Saturday, May 16, 2020
As most of us understand, a large portion of the English speaking countries now claims themselves to be liberate among the public and this could be observed through the legal system they now possess. However, some resident still questions the system by evaluating the level of freedom of their actions. One of the few general hotly debated subjects of freedom is public nudity, where there are residents that totally reject this idea and there are others whom receive this as a part of the freedom of actions. Public nudity to some is how we humans are designed to be, it is the nature, and on the other hand the culture formed upon us believes nudity can be carried out only in private otherwise it is violation. And as more issues regarding public nudity arises from the society this topic is taken into account of the formation of new legislations, this action by the government is to protect the public from potential harm. However, public nudity has not always been a widely discussed topic du e to the religious nature these countries started on. The distinctive nature and history of a country will determine the type of legal structure and the legislations that create boundaries in public nudity actions. I have chosen three countries to research on, United Kingdom, Australia, and Canada. These are all English speaking countries but they hold relatively different legal structures and legislations on nudity. There are 53 member states, as well these 53 member states wereShow MoreRelatedJustifying Madonna s Work By Madonna2190 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pageswas important for Madonna to show the world the meaning of being sexually free and being able to express sexuality without regards to the social norms. The music video Justify My Love by Madonna portrays Sexuality and Nudity in the hopes of creating a more open minding culture with regards to gender expression. The music video features a wide range of abnormal sexuality behavior, as well as nudity, which caused it to be banned by MTV. MTV is a television channel with a wide coverage in United StateRead More Gustave Courbets Reclining Nude Essay1513 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageshide from public knowledge. It is not covered enough, however, for one to believe she has any shame for appearing in so public a place in such a position; this, too, would have been found scandalous in the 1860s. Now, however, compared to such displays of sexuality and nudity as found in magazines such as Penthouse and Playgirl or X-rated movies, the picture is perceived as a modest, proper display of sexuality. Today there is nothing offensive about the womans display of sexuality. OneRead MoreAnalysis on Kilbournes Argument Essay1430 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesour society. PETA, People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, is known for having shocking advertisements. This pro-vegan and pro-vegetarian nonprofit organization has always been a topic of interest. Many of PETAÃ¢â¬â¢s ad campaigns are related to sexuality, violence, discrimination against how people look, and dominance over women. There are many pro-vegetarian and pro-vegan ads that do not degrade women and still are persuasive. Jean Kilbourne writes about violence and the degradation of women inRead MoreCyrus s Role Of Disney Channels Hannah Montana1428 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPucci gown with a low cut detail revealing cleavage. It was apparent that Cyrus was making an effort to disassociate herself from the image she had portrayed for years. In the years following, Cyrus has become well-known for promoting drugs, nudity, and public indecency. Additionally, she transformed from her Southern roots to wearing grills, dreadlocks, and exclusively using African-Americans as accessorizes. Cyrus has caused quite the uproar and controversy in the last three years. For then 20 yearRead MoreExamples And Ambiguities Of Art Censorship1459 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthe subject. Attitudes about nudity in artwork in the catholic church is an early example of censorship. Michelangelo s works frequently generated controversy due to their depiction of the nude human form. One of his most famous works, the Sistine Chapel fresco, generated controversy amongst certain catholic clergymen including Pope Daniele de Volterra who claimed the work was immoral and unholy. Loin cloths were added later over the original to cover the nudity. The church also heavily censoredRead MoreEssay about Pornography and The Decline of Sexual Morality1176 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagestheater. They have become more common than ever before. Almost every movie with an R rating will have at least one sex scene. Even Forrest Gump, a highly acclaimed movie, had a sexual act and nudity involved. Also public television has been known to show nudity and sex. Allusions are made to sex in every part of our life. Work, school, sports, and recreation are all forums through which unhealthy sexual views are expressed. One of theRead MorePerformance Art And Its Impact On The Public Arena1231 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesvoices are heard by those who are listening. However, only being heard by those who are willing to listen is not sufficient enough to permanently install their presence in the public arena. This is why artists have turned to the method of performance art to actively communicate their messages without being disregarded by the public. Performance art goes beyond the relative scope of visual art in that it is actually executed in front of an audience. It is an aggressive Ã¢â¬Å"form of consciousness raisingÃ¢â¬ thatRead MoreThe Perception of Human Sexuality throughout History1030 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThroughout history it is evident that human sexuality changes do to religious, governmental and societal influences. The perception of human sexuality has gone through many changes such as being very open and unlabeled activity; to being very Ã¢â¬Å"conservativeÃ¢â¬ and a topic t hat shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be talked about in public or at all. In any case, human sexuality has always been a topic of interest because humans are sexual beings who want to understand the consciousness of themselves as male or female and seeRead MoreBaudelaire s Political Ideas Stem From The Hypocrisy Of The Ruling Classes996 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesfelt separated superior human beings from lesser human beings in French politics. The governmental authorities viewed Baudelaire as a threat to the moral stability of French society. the publication of The Flowers of Evil was deemed a threat to Ã¢â¬Å"public decencyÃ¢â¬ and it was banned from being sold in bookstores throughout Paris and France. During the 1850s, BaudelaireÃ¢â¬â¢s poems were considered too sexually explicit and morally corrupt in French society under the leadership of Napoleon III un the SecondRead MoreThe Sexualization Of Women During Advertising Campaigns Affect The Young Generation Of 21st Century1685 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesposted on a wall or on websites that we visit. Shock advertising or the term Ã¢â¬Å"shockvertisingÃ¢â¬ is used to draw the public attention to deliberately make then stop and think about the advert they are seeing or have seen. This is where the controversy starts. For shock advertising to work effectively it has to display something that is distressful or disturbing so that the public will stop to look and think about at the advert. To become effective it would involve a questionable topic and would mostly
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
There are multiple ethical standards, laws and ethical aspirations that need to be addressed in this case study. First and foremost, Aspirational code of beneficence and nonmaleficence, should be addressed while problem solving this conundrum. WAC 246-924-357 also addresses the steps that the psychologist may need to make when terminating and referring services with this client. It is important to address Standard 3.04, Avoiding Harm. Ã¢â¬Å"Psychologists take reasonable steps to avoid harming their clients/patients, students, supervisees, research participants, organizational clients and others with whom they work, and to minimize harm where it is foreseeable and unavoidableÃ¢â¬ (APA, 2002). In this case study, the client has an executive role in the organization, which the client notes that he can overlook the psychologist contract obligation by working with this client, outside of the organization. This comment can lead to a slippery slope, and demonstrates an initiation of a m ultiple relationship. It also prevents the clinician from holding true objectivity, which if the psychologist continues to work with this client, could lead to an exploitative relationship. After consulting with the team and clinical supervisor, I feel that the best course of action is to refer the client to an outside competent clinician. The client will then have the opportunity to be honest by telling his complete story to a therapist that does not hold multiple roles. I would inform the client that IShow MoreRelatedConceptual Old Lawyers Ideals in Modern Light Essay919 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesinception, lawyers were perceived as public-servants encompassing a humble lifestyle. Notable lawyers such as Abraham Lincoln were political figures whose aspiration it was to serve communities and make an effort for a positive change. This notion was slowly altered as corporations began to form and corporate law firms emerged. The lucrative business of law grew and the perception of veracio us, hard-working lawyers slowly transitioned into a negative one. Contemporary legal dramas such as Suits mark a shiftRead MoreLeadership in Healthcare1116 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIn todays health care environment, leadership is a skill that will have a profound impact on health care operations of organizations in the future. Leadership will be needed to navigate a changing health care landscape. New laws have now helped reduce costs industry wide, the population is now becoming older, and a greater majority of younger individuals are now insured. In regards to overall nursing leadership, mentors often display common characteristics that allow them to effectively motivateRead MoreEthical Lens Essay819 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesindividual persons within the organization. In the project, I will be required to make several ethical decisions through a practical and repeatable decision model with the desired outcome of understanding how the ethical lens works. In addition, the ethical lens use s separate perspectives for each dilemma. This is done by using different perspectives with the desired outcome of establishing a proper ethical situation for the proper situation. The issues in question for the mysterious roses, inRead MoreOp 10 Principles For Positive Business Ethics Essay799 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesoften ethical conflicts between making money, and doing what is right. There can be dilemmas about doing what is best for your employer, what s best for your own career, and what s best for the customer. Business ethics is about negotiating these mine-fields. Here are my Top 10 Principles for Positive Business Ethics: 1. Business Ethics are built on Personal Ethics. There is no real separation between doing what is right in business, and playing fair, telling the truth and being ethical in yourRead MoreHow Do Global Regulations Influence Businesses Operating Internationally? What Are The Major Obstacles?1328 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMexico. The influence of this trade agreement was beneficial to businesses because it became easier to trade goods across international borders and it increased the development of standards. The European Union alliance works in a similar way to facilitate trade by standardizing laws and agreements, as well as using a standard currency among all of the countries. The development of these alliances was to increase competitiveness and to decrease inequality. The winners are the larger corporations whoRead More: Critically Evaluate Corporate Social Responsibility as an Ethical Tool Basing Some of Your Argument on the Toyota Case Study1711 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWhat Corpora te Social Responsibility is Corporate Social Responsibility can be defined has an obligation beyond that required law and economics , for a firm to purse long term goals that are good for the society. This entails the continuing commitment by business to behave ethically and contribute to economic development while improving quality of the workforce and their families as well as that of the local community and society at large. Bhatia (2004) defined corporate social responsibility asRead MoreEthics And The Law Enforcement Code Of Ethics1412 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThis paper inquires how ethics has impacted the law enfacement communities. The Oath of Allegiance along with the law enforcement Code of Ethics will be discussed in detail to give you a better appreciation of the expectations and ethical issues covering all law enforcement officers. This paper will discus how everyday decisions influence the law officers life, in addition to those of the community. HeroÃ¢â¬â¢s sacrificing their lives to Ã¢â¬Å"Protec t and ServeÃ¢â¬ . Ethics, also know as moral philosophy, isRead MoreBusiness Ethics Essay1323 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesconcerned for corporations to assume ethical responsibility, in which welfare for the greatest number of people will be promoted. This paper addresses the fact that the subjectivity of morals within the military and individual leaders; as some issues could be viewed as ethical by a group but not so by others. The members of an organization and its employees are part of the team, therefore the organization would benefit if their leaders are having strong ethical principles and positive relationshipsRead MoreMilton Friedman Main Points Summary1272 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesstaying in the game rules of business. Business responsibilities require that the business must act responsibly by reducing the price of the product produce so that it eliminates inflation. Ensuring the products produced stay within the environmental laws and regulation to reduce pollution. When a business hires the less sk illed or unemployed, according to Friedman, is spending the business shareholders money for local social interest. His argument with this statement is that there is one and onlyRead MoreBusiness Ethics at Rocky Mountain Imaging Essay examples1676 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesinformed us to advise DEC to cut us a check from the MDF account immediately. ETHICAL ORGANIZATION An ethical organization is a firm that ensures all corporate activities are ethical, legal, and within all regulatory company, local, state, federal and international law. Ethic statements are crucial to an organization if organizations want employees to be in compliance with regulations set forth by both the company and the law. As stated in the textbook; ethics indicates a system of right and wrong which
1. Introduction Toddlerhood is an important stage in a childÃ¢â¬â¢s life for the development of skills needed throughout their lifetime. That is why it is very important to promote a healthy development for each of the development areas. This report presents information on toddlers and how they develop in each of the different development domains, cognitive, physical, language and social-emotional. It looks at the theories created by Jean Piaget, Arnold Gesell, Noam Chomsky and Erik Erikson to help support the different developments. Lastly, provides strategies that early childhood teachers can use to help support a childÃ¢â¬â¢s development. 2. Cognitive Development By the time a child becomes a toddler, they already have an understanding of the world around them. During this time their cognitive development is continuing to grow and become more pronounced. They become aware of cause and effect, and start associating objects with their function. Toddlers are still continuing with physical activities and exploring, they are beginning to enjoy solving simple thinking problems (Gonzalez-Mena, 2010). It also gives toddlers the ability to learn new skills and build on their understanding of events which are occurring in the environment around them. Teaching them to solve their own problems and helps improve on their long term memory. 2.1 PiagetÃ¢â¬â¢s Theory on Cognitive Development One of the theories for cognitive development was developed by phycologist Jean Piaget. TheShow MoreRelatedThe Importance Of Quality Care For Children s Healthy Development And Learning826 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages1. As you have been learning, quality care is crucial to promoting healthy development. Using at least three examples from the Ã¢â¬Å"IntroductionÃ¢â¬ media segment, explain how relationships and interactions provide the cornerstone of quality care and why quality care during these early years must be a priority. 2. According to Gonzalez-Mena and Widmeyer Eyer, a Ã¢â¬Å" respectful and responsive curriculum is based on relationships that occur within planned and unplanned activities, experiences, and happeningsÃ¢â¬ Read MoreThe Importance of Physical Activity Essay1545 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe teaching profession plays a fundamental role in educating children. Some of which include physical activity Teachers engage in many roles in studentÃ¢â¬â¢s learning, some of which are more challenging and important than others and all which contribute to a childÃ¢â¬â¢s development. The process of childhood development is dynamic, recognised by various fields including the influential society, inherited characteristics through genetics, and the psychological behaviour of the child. These fields all playRead MoreEssay on Preventing Childhood Obesity in Australia1427 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIntroduction Ã¢â¬Å"During the past two decades, the prevalence of obesity in children has risen greatly worldwide. Obesity in childhood causes a wide range of serious complications, and increases the risk of premature illness and death later in life, raising public-health concerns.Ã¢â¬ (Ebbeling, Pawlak Ludwig, 2002 p.471) Currently in the Australian community and schools there is an obesity epidemic in young people with many children doing less and less physical activity then advised. Ã¢â¬Å"In 2007-08 the NationalRead MorePhysical Exercise and Cognitive Functioning in Children1691 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesphysical exercise will help the healthy cognitive development in children and adolescence and this paper will illustrate that the same facts are true for children and adolescence, and will stress the importance of exercise for children optimal brain development and growth. The current studies show that physical activity has a positive effect on attention, neuroplasticity and intellectual de velopment in children and adolescence. The studies also seem to show the importance of physical activity like PERead MoreEssay on How Play influences Development 1002 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesvillage houses! The princess will need to save the day! This is just one way children pretend and play. In this little fantasy simple items transform into towers, houses, and dragons. Play is a vital part of development and early learning. Play influence cognitive, social, emotional development as well as with self-regulation, motivation, and decentration. Play is natural and instinctive activity that helps children develop in all areas. There are different types of play. Dramatic and SociodramaticRead MoreThe Factors That Push Some Parents Abuse Their Children1078 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageshome environment and to increase the familyÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to problem solve and assume he role of advocate for themselves and their children (Healthy Families Niagara). I assisted in building trusting relationships in the family unit. I assisted the family in establishing goals and a plan for accomplishment of those goals, as well as the assessment of normal growth and development of the child. I was responsible for initiating and maintaining regular long-term contact/support with families. I interviewedRead MoreMy Point Of View Attachment Theory1033 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesof the theory developed attachment theory. John Bowlby believed that attachment theory was on of the four essential behavioral systems necessary for the evolution and survival of humans. Mary Ainsworth, psychologist, who made a big impact on Bowlby s attachment theory. She had definitely modified and improved this theory by providing most famous research Ã¢â¬Å"strange situationÃ¢â¬ which explained the individual differences of newborns in attachment. Ainsworth describes of the patterns of secure and insecureRead MoreFactors that Promote Rapid Language Learning in Children?1406 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSavage-Rumbaugh, Sevcik, Hopkins, 1988), but language acquisition is a mystery of human beings, it starts before a child is born (DeCasper Spence, 1986). Until today, no artificial intelligence has been created which can learn a language. Healthy newborn children acquire seemingly effortlessly and rapi dly the language of any part of the world, independently from the parents native language. In the last decades various theories have emerged which try to explain the language learning process fromRead MoreImproving Sports At School Time1566 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesspecial emphasis on learning math and natural science for their children than paying attention to the importance of physical education. Even public schools do not allocate enough time for kids to practice sports as much as they do for class-based education. In fact, physical activity for children is not only about pleasure time. Rather, it helps grown-up children to extend their capacity to grasp concepts explained in their classes. Children who are active while doing physical activity are expected toRead MoreThe Nutrition Teaching Strategies For Grade Three1244 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesassignment focused on grade three children (who are seven to eight years old). The importance of teaching nutrition was evident through obse rving the children s daily eating patterns. According to the grade three health curriculum, Canadian Food Guide has already been introduced to the children. Therefore, my teaching primarily focused on reviewing the Canadian Food guide as well as providing a thorough explanation about the four different food groups. Assessment The children in the ages of seven and eight
Identify and explain at least two different incidents involving the same leader(s). if the incident involves two individuals or a group making a decision, leadership behaviour by different individuals can be identified. Incident I Though military activity was forbidden by Spartan law during the Carneia festival, King Leonidas decides to prepare for war with Xerxes before the Persian king and his troops could advance to Sparta. He knew that he would not get the support of the politicians to get the bigger Greek army to follow him. Therefore he chose 300 Spartans who had sons to carry on their names to be his bodyguards and decides go to war. His vision and strategy was to block the only road through which the massive army of Xerxes could pass. Vastly outnumbered, the Greeks held back their enemies in one of the famous last stands of history. Leonidas was self-confident and had a strong moral conviction in his course and the ability to inspire trust among his followers to achieve his goals. He is seen as both charismatic and transformational as he could convey his vision and form strong emotional bonds with his followers. Transformational leaders take charismatic leadership one step further in that they can articulate a compelling vision of the future and also motivate and influence followers to transcend self-interest for the benefit of society. Incident II In the final stand-off with the Persians, betrayed by Ephialtes, Leonidas commands his Spartans to fight until death for the sake of their country. Though Leonidas knew that death was certain, true to the Spartan tradition, they decide to stick to their code of honour on what it means to be a Spartan. Though the Spartans faced insurmountable odds in terms of numbers, a true Spartan warrior is always willing to die for his country. They define themselves by sacrifice and freedom. At the Ã¢â¬ËHot GatesÃ¢â¬ , as the Persians surrounded the Spartans, XerxesÃ¢â¬â¢s general demands their surrender declaring that Leonidas may keep his title as King of Sparta and become Warlord for all Greece, answerable to only Xerxes. Even all these riches and glory did not tempt Leonidas, unlike Ephialtes who succumbs to XerxesÃ¢â¬â¢ display of women and false sense of belonging and purpose. Spartans are taught never to surrender and are among the most enigmatic cultures in history. According to the Path-Goal theory of leadership, leadership behaviour can influence the satisfaction and performance of the followers. It emphasizes the relationship between the leaderÃ¢â¬â¢s style and both the characteristics of the follower and the situation. The theory proposes that a leaderÃ¢â¬â¢s behaviour is motivating or satisfying to the follower, if the behaviour increases the attractiveness of the goals, while simulateously follower confidence in achieving them. The leader is therefore, very active in guiding, motivating and rewarding followers in their work. In short, the leader steers the follower down a path to their goals by selecting behaviours that are best suited to individual followerÃ¢â¬â¢s needs and the situation. In doing so the leader also navigates the follower around obstacles that lie on the path towards goal achievement. Diagram p. 76 The four behaviours generally included in this model are supportive, directive, participative and achievement-oriented. The path-goal theory stipulates that a leader may exhibit any or all of these types of leadership and that the best type of leadership for a given situation will be dependent on the individual follower and the specific situation. In King Leonidas, one could see a supportive leader, who shows concern for his troopÃ¢â¬â¢s well-being and personal needs. This was evident in his grief for the loss of his generalÃ¢â¬â¢s son and his concern for Delios who sustained an eye injury. LeonidasÃ¢â¬â¢ behaviour is also open, friendly, approachable and he creates a team climate where all his people are treated equal. He also allows fun and humour in the battlefield so as to reduce stress and boost morale of his people. When one of his Spartan soldiers were told by the Persians that they would be faced with a barrage of arrows so dense that they would blot out the sun, he laughed saying that they will be delighted to fight in the shade. This shows that laughter and fun are at the heart of any successful workplace battle. Leonidas also displays directional leadership by telling his people to do exactly what they are supposed to do, giving specific uidance to follow rules and procedures in the battle against Persians and planning and scheduling their attack plans. Leonidas is bold and creates and promotes vision. He courageously challenges and inspires his people to success. He engages in participative leadership by consulting with the troops on ideas, opinions and suggestions, thus encouraging participation in decision making. He tours the battlefield and engages in conversation with them to listen to their ideas and compliment their achievements. Effective leaders interact with employees and consistently look for ways to praise them. Leonidas is also an achievement-oriented leader who shows confidence in his people and assists them in accomplishing goals. His behaviour emphasizes excellence in performance and he sets clear and challenging goals for his people. As it can be seen in the first incident , when Leonidas decides to go for war with the Persians his efforts were mainly concentrated on planning how he could funnel the Persians into the narrow pass of Ã¢â¬ËHot GatesÃ¢â¬â¢. It is evident in his following lines Ã¢â¬Å"We will use our superior fighting skills and the terrain of Greece herself to destroy them. We will march north to the coastÃ¢â¬ ¦ We will block the Persian coastal assault by rebuilding the great Phocian Wall. From there we will funnel them into the mountain pass we call Ã¢â¬Å"Hot GatesÃ¢â¬ . In that narrow corridor, their numbers will count for nothing. Waves and waves of Persian attack will smash against Spartan shields. Xerxes losses will be so great, his men so demoralized, he will have no choice but to abandon his campaign. The path-goal theory opens up the possibility for long-term commitment to goals and for intrinsic motivation by followers. The theory also emphasizes that the job of the leader is to eliminate roadblocks that may occur enroute to goal achievement while simultaneously developing followers to overcome these obstacles on their own. By manifesting the appropriate behaviours leaders can increase followersÃ¢â¬â¢ effort-to-performance expectances. These increased expectations will improve followersÃ¢â¬â¢ effort levels and rewards attained, which in turn will increase followers satisfaction and performance levels and the acceptance of their leaders. Leonidas is the opposite of Xerxes, who sits up in his high tower, who bribes, seduces and kills men to achieve victory. At one point, suring the war when Xerxes says, Ã¢â¬Å"How can you ever stand against me when I would gladly kill any one of my men for victory? Ã¢â¬ Leonidas replies, Ã¢â¬Å"And I would die for any one of mineÃ¢â¬ . That is the essence of Leonidas. While Leonidas goes down to the battle field to fight along with his men, Xerxes is carried in the golden throne by crouching slaves. He has no values and ethics and his troops are not morally and ethically in alignment. Xerxes is so incompetent and whips soldiers so they would perform. He has no strength, character and personality compared to Leonidas. Because of the poor skills, motivation and coordination of his team, Xerxes losses were considerable. He himself noted that Ã¢â¬Å"he had in his army many men, indeed, but few soldiersÃ¢â¬ . Leonidas could have decided to accept XerxesÃ¢â¬â¢ offer and retreat from war, thus submitting to XerxesÃ¢â¬â¢ demands. Instead he thinks nothing of the honour he would get from the Persian King, but for the sake of his country and people, even if death is evitable he decides to sacrifice himself for the whole of Greece.
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Social Media to Improve Internal Communication. Answer: Introduction This study deals with the concept of Social media as it is plays a major role in improving business communication, both in the external sector and in the internal sector. Some of the popular social networking sites such as Twitter and Facebook have helped the companies in building a strong communication with the customers through their technical support (Atanassova and Clark, 2015). Each and every people today are social media user in their personal life. Everyone has an account and uses this source as the main source of communication in their personal life. Hence, it has proved to be one of the most effective ways to communicate with the customers. A lot can be said of using social media in improving the internal communication as well. Companies are using this platform to communicate with their staffs and building a work environment which includes collaboration. This report studies the different uses of social media in the business culture. It points out the exact uses and the exact ways of using it effectively, the pitfalls of using it. Social Media Uses in the Business Sector There are lots of uses of this social media sectors like the external and the internal uses. They can be described here like: Uses of social media in external communication: Business houses in many sectors are using social media in their customer dealing operations like keeping a track in their demands and other things (Constantiou and Kallinikos, 2015). Customers use social media in an extreme level nowadays and many want the companies they are dealing to communicate with them through this media. The Nation Wide Built Society is known as the mutual society which is the largest in UK with more than 15 million customers and members. They are the first to start the retail internet banking service. With customer demand, they have adopted digital technologies to support them and are matured in digital technologies (Cornelissen and Cornelissen 2017). There are various other using examples of these sectors. The internet shopping sites are one of them. It provides shopping varieties with their sites and records the preferences of the customers. They use this record for their reference purposes. They also keep tracking their customer preferences through lots of questionnaires (Csikszentmihalyi and Sawyer 2014). Questions regarding their preferences, Quality criteria, demands are harnessed in these questionnaires. Near about all the retailers nowadays are using this internet shopping techniques. Baby product companies like Pampers are using this social media network to engage with their targeted customers. They have their blog sites and website pages. They keep engaging their customers in lots of life events through their sites. The maternal needs and conversation with the new moms are also carried through these sites. Entertainment sites like Netflix are using this method for business development. They note down the customer searches. They also communicate their offers to their customers through their social sites Dahnil et al. 2014). And the research for selecting these offers is also done to a large extent through this sites. There is lots of example of this social media use by the business houses in each and every sector for their exter nal communication. Uses of social media in internal communication The business houses are using social media to improve their internal business culture. It is an important criteria to reach to all the staff and talk to them about their work. This part is most managed by the social media scenario. They are being mostly connected through groups and that make the most effective use of time and resources. Not only is this, the communication strategy formed by the business houses also generally carried on by the social media process. They use this media to communicate their strategy message and deal with employees. The board meetings are also being discussed in the soc9al media pages. An example for this purpose can be sited for the business house like Grant Thornton. They have used the social media way to deal with their internal members. They had completely changed the process in which their people used to interact internally (Grant 2016). The companys working culture has changed drastically and they have changed from one of the risk aversion company. The company got support from the top ladder like the board of directors and the CEO of it. The social media platform for them made the work culture sound easy rather than heavy. But there is lots of pitfall for this media use. This can easily lead to the misuse of the media. The company has come with the ten rules for using social media and those are just described as common sense (Kane 2015). They have also created a center of excellence to provide training o the user and to provide support. There are few worries regarding the use of social media which can invite social worries as well as legal hassles. The use of the social media should go with aim and the objectives of the company. They should not be misused here as well. So there should remain a little bit of caution. There are lots of points or aspects that can be followed while using social media for both the internal uses and the external uses. Some of the points are listed below with proper justification: Content planning for the Social Media Channels: The media presences should ensure a consistent posting and frequent postings as well the content should remain planned from before or may be from 2 to 3 weeks. The things should be mapped out clearly and the companys social media handling team should discuss matters in beforehand without any scope of confusion (Krombholz et al., 2015). Less confusion transmits into a better media handling. Categories can be established for the posts like Promotional content, Product Related, Internal Employees and all. They can make the messages more clear and evident and can save a lot of time that can be invested in other works (Kwon, Lee and Shin, 2014). It should be remembered as well that seeing the contents in a clear way and categorized way is also a stress busters for the people seeing it like the company people and for the customers as well. Making an active involvement and the company departments: It is important to involve in active engagement by the employees where they can communicate easily and share their feedback to other Departments and Senior Department. Whether regarding the clients or regarding the employees, for multiple clients or for multiple employees, it is a very important aspect to make the clients or the employees more involved in the social media aspect from the very beginning. The most important thing in the online environment is time. Time cannot be wasted in anyways. This is the reason why involvements of the right people from the very beginning can make the process more streamlined and maintain the proper work flow which can save time to a great extend. The social media can also be used to as a platform to get acquaintance with clients views like their approval for posting, making suggestions, deciding whether a posting should get published and also planning and scheduling the upcoming posts and events with the team. This discussion with the team and the clients can ensure that the best and the most effective posts are going online (Levenshus and Lemon, 2017). This is also helpful in providing answers to the customer questions and confusions. Personal helps can be provided through this media whenever people need it regarding dealing with not so important or personal responses. Sharing a platform for using the Social Media channels There should be structured overview of the social media means no more juggling between the different tabs of the social media platforms (Levenshus and Lemon, 2017). The general social media using means a lot of tabs for the different users remain open for the different groups and using a lot of passwords, lots of logins and log outs and like stuffs. A structured overview of the whole scenario helps in the whole logging in using of the server process. The structured overview can be done dashboards. Dashboard allows the users to manage all the stuffs from a single post with lots of logging in sessions and logging out and switching and sharing passwords. The mostly used social media site are like Twitter, Face book, LinkedIn, YouTube, Google+ and all. They can be handled together through the process. The office environment can make the use of few other sites through this dashboard process as well. Another important part is monitoring the conversations. The dashboards also allow assign p ermission for these monitoring and related stuffs. The most important aspect of this social media using is not to repeat any content that anybody else has already used. Monitoring makes this easy and permissions for monitoring are important. Setting notifications for new tweets, replies and private messages If not necessary but it is very important to set notifications for the tweets, email notifications and stuffs (Oyza and Edwin, 2015). It is a very important point to remain available all the time while using the social media platform and that too without going mad. Another thing is that if any of the team members is facing an issue, then another team member should be the one deal with problem rather than anyone else. Urgent matters need immediate attentions. A free flow or a certain flow of the media use depends on the solving process of urgent matters. Finding solutions in a very short time is a very important point to be maintained (Rokka et al., 2014). The media management team should stay in the top of the whole process through ticket inbox This inbox adds up all the activities in the social media channels and set them in a common platform so as to deal with it with an ease (Rothaermel 2015). This makes the team members know what exactly their tasks are and help those sorting things out. The inbox enables one to manage tall the messages with proper care (Sekaran and Bougie 2016). Conclusion It can be concluded from the whole report that social media can be proved to a very strong platform for ensuring business development. It helps in the internal sector as well as the external sector. The internal sectors can be like communicating between the whole employee group, implication of communication strategies and all and external factors are like communicating with the targeted customers, engaging the customers, extracting feedback for future works and all. But the social media sector had some loophole as well they can attract legal issue with a few of the misuses and all other matters can get involved which will create problems. Hence, the media should be used with proper care. There can be a few ways to work in social media platform. They are like creating a dashboard with all the quite together to provide with an ease while using the media, setting notification. References Atanassova, I. and Clark, L., 2015. Social media practices in SME marketing activities: A theoretical framework and research agenda.Journal of customer behaviour,14(2), pp.163-183. Constantiou, I.D. and Kallinikos, J., 2015. New games, new rules: big data and the changing context of strategy.Journal of Information Technology,30(1), pp.44-57. Cornelissen, J. and Cornelissen, J.P., 2017.Corporate communication: A guide to theory and practice. Sage. Csikszentmihalyi, M. and Sawyer, K., 2014. Shifting the focus from individual to organizational creativity. InThe systems model of creativity(pp. 67-71). Springer, Dordrecht. Dahnil, M.I., Marzuki, K.M., Langgat, J. and Fabeil, N.F., 2014. Factors influencing SMEs adoption of social media marketing.Procedia-social and behavioral sciences,148, pp.119-126. Grant, R.M., 2016.Contemporary strategy analysis: Text and cases edition. John Wiley Sons. Kane, G.C., 2015. Enterprise social media: Current capabilities and future possibilities.MIS Quarterly Executive,14(1). Krombholz, K., Hobel, H., Huber, M. and Weippl, E., 2015. Advanced social engineering attacks.Journal of Information Security and applications,22, pp.113-122. Kwon, O., Lee, N. and Shin, B., 2014. Data quality management, data usage experience and acquisition intention of big data analytics.International Journal of Information Management,34(3), pp.387-394. Levenshus, A.B. and Lemon, L.L., 2017. The Minimized Face of Internal Communication: An Exploration of How Public Relations Agency Websites Frame Internal Communication and its Connection to Social Media.Public Relations Journal,11(1). Oyza, I. and Edwin, A.M., 2015. Effectiveness of social media networks as a strategic tool for organizational marketing management.The Journal of Internet Banking and Commerce. Rokka, J., Karlsson, K. and Tienari, J., 2014. Balancing acts: Managing employees and reputation in social media.Journal of Marketing Management,30(7-8), pp.802-827. Rothaermel, F.T., 2015.Strategic management. McGraw-Hill Education. Sekaran, U. and Bougie, R., 2016.Research methods for business: A skill building approach. John Wiley Sons. Vernuccio, M., 2014. Communicating corporate brands through social media: An exploratory study.International Journal of Business Communication,51(3), pp.211-233. Wang, W.Y., Pauleen, D.J. and Zhang, T., 2016. How social media applications affect B2B communication and improve business performance in SMEs.Industrial Marketing Management,54, pp.4-14.